What is HPV and how can you protect yourself from it? – Emma Bryce
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What is HPV and how can you protect yourself from it? – Emma Bryce

January 5, 2020

At some point, most sexually active people will be
infected with human papillomavirus, or ‘HPV.’ There are over 100 types of HPV, and most of the time the body
eliminates infections without symptoms– but some strains can pose serious
health risks down the line. HPV causes contact infections, which means the virus stays in the cells
near the point of infection rather than spreading throughout
the whole body. Since HPV is often transmitted through
sexual activity, this usually means the cells of the
vagina, vulva, penis, anus, mouth and throat. We can test for HPV in cells from
these areas, but while testing for the virus
is scientifically possible, it isn’t common. The main reason is that, while there are treatments for the
adverse health effects caused by HPV, there’s no treatment for the virus itself. So testing for HPV would yield many,
many positives, and although most of them won’t
be cause for concern, there is still no treatment plan for
clearing the body of the virus. But there are other good ways to
protect yourself from HPV. We’re going to walk through how
HPV can cause harm, who’s at risk, and how to
minimize those risks. The body’s immune system is able to
eradicate most strains of HPV before they cause any harm— and without people even knowing
they’ve been infected. Certain other strains– like HPV 6 and 11– cause abnormalities in the cells of the
infected tissue, which can develop into genital warts. While these are infectious
and require treatment, usually with topical creams, wart-causing strains don’t create
longer-term damage. But another 13 strains can cause DNA
mutations that cause cells to divide at a much faster pace than normal, propelling the development of
cancerous growths. The cells of the cervix are
especially at risks. Two in particular– HPV 16 and 18– are responsible for the majority of
cases of cervical cancer, which is now the fourth most common
type of cancer in women. It can take up to 20 years for cancer
symptoms to appear, but with regular screening, we can discover cellular abnormalities
in the cervix before they develop into cancer. Women over 21 can undergo a regular
pap smear, where a sample of tissue is gently
scraped from the lining of the cervix to test for abnormal cells. A positive test doesn’t mean the person
has cervical cancer, but rather that there are irregular
cells in the cervix that could develop into cancer
in the future. Patients are then either monitored
with more frequent pap smears, or, for more severe irregularities, undergo a procedure called a colposcopy. This involves a doctor examining the
cervix through a microscope, and possibly taking a small biopsy of
tissue for closer examination. In some cases, the affected tissue
may be removed. HPV infections of the throat may lead to
head and neck cancers, but for now there’s no equivalent of the
pap smear for the throat. Using condoms helps prevent
the spread of HPV during sex. And there are three safe, effective
vaccines that all target HPV 16 and 18. The vaccine comes in two or three doses
a few months apart, and it’s only beneficial if you
receive them all. Right now the vaccine is part of standard
care for girls aged 11 to 18 in many countries– though it’s increasingly becoming
available to boys as well. Adult women and men in countries including
the United States and the United Kingdom can opt to receive the vaccine, and evidence suggests that vaccination of
women and men could reduce the worldwide incidence of
cervical cancer by almost 90%. Researchers are also
developing an injection for people who are already infected
with HPV 16 and 18, which would target the infected cells to stop them from developing
into cancerous ones. So while there’s still room for
improvement in screening, treatment, and access to each, condom use, vaccination,
and cervical screening can each reduce the harm caused by HPV.

Only registered users can comment.

  1. Im not sure if it was mentioned in the vid but i read the vaccination isnt effective once you become a teenager or something. Is that true…?

  2. I can’t believe I got these vacations 6 years ago (at age 13) and only now realizing how thankful I am for that. Thank lord my doctors advised my parents for me to get them. I hope all countries in the world provide vaccines for HPV for both genders.

  3. When Gardasil first came out, my mother did not let me get the vaccine because she was scared it would give me cervical cancer, a lot of mothers in my country had the same concern. As time has passed and people get more information about HPV the misconceptions about the vaccine decreased. Anyways, I got the shots this year.

  4. In Canada, the HPV vaccine available costs $600 for the whole series. And i graduated high school before it was available, so now its either i pay $600 for the vaccine, or i just don’t get it.

  5. this is so terrible. Are people still debating making the vaccination mandatory in young adults to reduce the risk of exposure they are introduced?

  6. Interesting; I was expecting a mention of HeLa and Henrietta Lacks, since HPV was the virus that caused it.

  7. For people watching this with anti vax parents, you are able to receive an HPV vaccine at any age, without their consent. Get vaccinated, please

  8. 2:05 what about younger viewers? I've watched ted from a very young age, I dont think that kids need to see thoses body parts. also, how is that not age restricted?

  9. I love how inclusive and diverse Ted Ed animations are,as well as how open minded they are. Much love♥️♥️♥️

  10. Fun Fact: there have been numerous cases of men getting throat cancer from eating out hpv infected women.

  11. Gardasil first came on the market when I was 16 and my mom was told she was too old to get the vaccine. Last year the FDA approved getting Gardasil 9 up until age 45, which again aged her out. Please consider getting vaccinated if you can! It makes the world a little safer

  12. Small correction for the map in the video – HPV vaccine is also standard and free option for some time now in Bulgaria as well. Wasn't marked on the map.

  13. My mom refused to let me get the HPV vaccine. She heard too many girls have died from it. Hopefully this wasn't the case, but I'm glad I didn't get the vaccine either way.

  14. So here’s the tea… I have to get my hpv needles and I have trypanophobia (phobia of needles) and I have already chickened out of it TWICE!😂😂 when they brought the needles in I had a panic attack then passed out😅😅 I want to get them this summer because they are so important to get, but I am absolutely terrified. Any suggestions?

  15. Stop spreading lies and fear. HIV is a created disease in a laboratory in the eighties why it would come back? Very suspicious don't you think? They are not happy with all the catastrophic weather disasters around the world? They really want to kill people. Wake up ! 😤

  16. Nice one, thank you for such an informative material:) I also want to suggest you to make a video regarding HSV 2 disease, because I find some similarities beetween HPV and HSV.

  17. I've recently completed my cycle for the vaccine you're talking about. And this pops up in my recommendations. Hmm…wierd

  18. Anyone else who comes here to play the ted-ed playlists while trying to sleep?
    For me it's better than anything I've ever used to sleep 😴

  19. My all girls school vaccinated everyone for hpv for free (with the help of the government) and even though i got the injections have no idea what hpv actually is :/

  20. I pay taxes. I hope my tax money goes to development of Hpv test for men. Women can test for hpv. But men can't since no test has been made for them. We are in 2019 people.

  21. I took the HPV Vaccine 🥺😭. The injection isn’t bad, but the aftermath HURTS !!! It’s okay tho bc it’s worth it in keeping yourself and others safe!!!

  22. Where I live most nearly all of the girls who went to my school got it (vaccination) at year nine, none of the boys though as far as I know hot that one

  23. It took 4 years for my warts to start falling off by themselves.
    I quit a vegan diet and started eating raw meat raw eggs raw liver, raw milk
    And they just started literally dying
    I’m not sure if it’s a coincidence between diet change & timing but I sure am happy

  24. Ahh the HPV vaccine… I got 2 of them 3 years ago but at the time you needed 3 but I was too scared to get the last one…I thought it was too late but half a year ago I was told it wasn't so I took the last one. I really hope it worked. I'm so jealous of my younger sister though because she LIKES to take vaccines and she only had to take 2 🙁

  25. In Malaysia, girls studying in government schools receive FREE HPV vaccines. Yet, there's still a bunch of anti-vaccine parents that refused. Smh

  26. For me it makes, sense. First you create a virus that propels the cancer cells, and then you create junk foods that creates the cancer cells. Perfectly normal.

  27. Why do you still think, no cure to herpes virus while I have a great new for you there is permanent cure to herpes virus.. I happen to encounter a herbal doctor who I told I had herpes virus he give me his herbal medicine which I drank for two weeks and I was healed permanently… Message Dr Felix now through his WhatsApp number +2348074985815 or message him through his gmail [email protected]

  28. https://steemit.com/vaccines/@apollosun/video-playlist-of-the-international-tragedies-caused-by-gardasil-and-cervarix-hpv-vaccines

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