Social-cognitive theory – Intro to Psychology
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Social-cognitive theory – Intro to Psychology

In order to understand social cognitive theories of personality, let’s just look at this graph of two hypothetical people. A and B. So the basic idea is that these two people bring different interpretations to each situation. In this case, nine different situations. So on the horizontal axis, we have these social factors or the […]

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The visual cliff test – Intro to Psychology
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The visual cliff test – Intro to Psychology

First, I want you to know that this experiment was completely safe. The baby couldn’t fall. The plexiglass could hold the baby’s weight, and they also had a barrier around the sides of the platform. I didn’t draw it here, that way, you could see the cute baby. This demonstrates to us that by the […]

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Secure attachment – Intro to Psychology
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Secure attachment – Intro to Psychology

The final attachment style is secure attachment, and about 65% of babies have a secure attachment. Babies with secure attachments cry and become really distressed when the caregiver leaves. But when the caregiver returns, the baby offers warm hugs, and the baby will settle down fairly quickly. Attachment is a great example of how nature […]

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Prenatal Development: What Babies Learn Inside the Womb
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Prenatal Development: What Babies Learn Inside the Womb

Everything starts the day your mum’s egg meets your dad’s sperm. Four weeks later your little brain begins to form. Epidemiologist David Barker says, that whilst developing inside our mother, we are receiving postcards from the outside world. These postcards tell us if this world is dangerous or safe, if food is plentiful or scarce. […]

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Which is avoidant attachment – Intro to Psychology
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Which is avoidant attachment – Intro to Psychology

Ainsworth used three terms to describe her attachment theories. Secure Attachment, Anxious Ambivalent Attachment and Avoidant Attachment. Given the name, what do you think an Avoidant Attachment is? Is it this one, where the babies cry and become very distressed when the caregiver leaves? But once the caregiver returns, gives them warm hugs, and settles […]

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Formal operational stage – Intro to Psychology
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Formal operational stage – Intro to Psychology

So, with adolescents comes a new kind of cognitive ability according to Piaget and he called this stage formal operational. He called it formal operational because formal logic, or making inferences is possible for the first time. This stage begins around age 12 and goes up through adulthood. And the hallmark characteristic of formal operational […]

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Mental representations – Intro to Psychology
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Mental representations – Intro to Psychology

Cognitive psychologists suggest that we use mental representations to represent our knowledge, memories, or ideas in order to store and maintain our mental processes. Mental representation is defined as a structure in our mind, such as an idea or image. That stands for something else. Such that an external object, or things that was sensed […]

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Three mountain problem – Intro to Psychology
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Three mountain problem – Intro to Psychology

Egocentric thinking is the inability to look at the world through somebody else’s perspective. Piaget came up with a very clever test to measure this, called the Three Mountain Test. Here, he would have a child sit and look at these three mountains and tell him from direction of left to right what he says. […]

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Babies and Learning – Science Nation
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Babies and Learning – Science Nation

MILES O’BRIEN: Babies know when their diaper is clean or dirty, or when their tummy is empty or full. Just ask any sleep deprived parent. But can babies tell when someone is acting good or bad? KAREN WYNN: Babies are oriented towards pro-social individuals. They prefer interacting with a pro-social individual over an anti-social individual. […]

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